The goals of a kyphoplasty surgical procedure are designed to stop the pain caused by an osteoporotic spine fracture, to stabilize the bone, and to restore some or all of the lost vertebral body height due to the compression fracture.
Patients experiencing painful symptoms or spinal deformities from recent osteoporotic compression fractures are good candidates for kyphoplasty. Ideally the procedure should be completed within 8 weeks of the fracture occurring for the optimum chance of restoring height.
- Reduce or eliminate acute back pain.
- Prevent further collapse of the fracture and avoid an increase in spinal deformity and progression of postural problems.
- Restore normal spinal alignment and improvement in the patient’s posture.
- Osteoporotic spinal compression fractures
- Multiple Myeloma
- Metastatic carcinoma
The procedure typically includes the use of a small balloon that is inflated in the vertebral body to create a space within the cancellous bone prior to cement delivery.
Once the space is created, the procedure is similar to a vertebroplasty, but the bone cement is delivered directly into the newly created space.
RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS OF KYPHOPLASTY:
The general risks of infection or anesthesia risk apply to kyphoplasty. Specific risks to the kyphoplasty include:
- Nerve damage or a spinal cord injury from instruments being incorrectly placed in the spine
- Nerve injury or spinal cord compression from leaking of the cement into veins or the epidural space
- Allergic reaction to the imaging solution used to see the balloon on the X-ray image as it inflates
Patients who have sustained fractures from osteoporosis are at an increased risk for further fractures due to the loss of bone integrity as a result of the chronicity and progressive character of this disorder.
- The patient may be able to go home the same day or within 36 hours depending on their general health.
- You may be able to start walking an hour after the procedure.
- They’re maybe some soreness where the needle was put into your back, which could last a few days.
- There should be noticeably less pain in your back than before the surgery.
- Your doctor will give you a guideline for your activity level and may recommend certain vitamins, minerals, and medications to help strengthen your bones and prevent further fractures in your spine.