This term refers to a number of different procedures that remove pressure from the spinal cord and nerves and frees them from impingement. This can be caused by arthritic changes in the spinal joints, boney growths or osteophytes, buckling of ligaments like the ligamentum flavum between the spinal processes and herniated, collapsed or bulging discs. All of these problems result in narrowing of the foramen where the spinal nerves exit or within the pathway of the spinal cord. This results in symptoms of paresthesias, pain and/or weakness in the extremities and loss of spinal motion and function.
Micro discectomy cervical and lumbar:
A herniated disk in the back or neck that pinches a nerve may cause severe limb pain, numbness, or weakness. To surgically relieve these symptoms, the disk is removed. This procedure is called a discectomy.
This minimally invasive procedure relieves symptoms of spinal cord impingement or nerve root compression by removing a portion of the bony vertebral arch known as the lamina, which surrounds the spinal cord. This results in creating more space in the spinal canal and relieves pressure on nerve tissue caused by a herniated disc, enlarged facet joints, bone spurs, or other anatomical abnormalities that are taking up room in the spinal column.
A foraminotomy is performed to relieve the symptoms of nerve root compression in cases where the foramen is being compressed by bone, disc, scar tissue, or e ligament deterioration and results in a pinched nerve. The procedure is performed by cutting a small hole in the vertebra itself. Through this hole, using an arthroscope, the foramen can be visualized, and the impinging bone or disk material removed.
Percutaneous pedicle screw placements: Percutaneous posterior pedicle screw fixation involves attaching metal rods alongside the vertebrae to help stabilize the spine.
Vertebroplasty involves the injection of special cement into the broken vertebral body which fills spaces within the bone created by degeneration.
A kyphoplasty is similar to a vertebroplasty in that a special cement is used, however a small balloon is used to create a void, typically the bone cement is then directly delivered into that newly created void.